[Blog] Snapshots of White Supremacy in Mormonism

In Heaven, Whites Only:

Snapshots of White Supremacy in Mormonism

by : Cody Noconi

The actual history of the Mormon church is stranger than fiction. The actual history of its founder, Joseph Smith Junior, is perhaps beyond adequate description; certainly beyond the scope of this paper. The present-day incarnations of the Mormon movement go to great lengths at times, in order to assure that this history is not made common knowledge, or even circulated within the organization itself. The following multi-part series is a smash cut of real Mormon history and theology, which even the LDS missionaries knocking on your door are likely to be unaware of.

The Mormon faith believes in continued revelation, wherein god can change his mind on a given topic so to speak, and instruct later generations differently than in previous ones. Unless a given set of revelations are corrected or clarified by the current ‘prophet’, or leader of the church, then one must assume that the previous revelations are canonized doctrine. Although current church leadership has attempted to white wash its wholly unsavory relationship to racism and white supremacist ideology, there are still a series of unresolved issues that desperately need to be addressed by the Mormon hierarchy. At the very least, parishioners within the organization need to call for a badly needed update or clarification to standing church doctrine and philosophy.

The following article, will cite only canonized Mormon scripture, and first-hand statements made by the church’s hierarchy. This is not an attempt to slander Mormonism. It is a snapshot of factually and historically based dogma, which much of the Mormon church is either willfully ignorant of, or which frantically grasps at weak rationalizations for it’s existence. In the current political and racial climate of the United States, it is more important than ever that this history and doctrine be brought more openly into the public forum so that can be fairly analyzed for it’s philosophical and ethical shortcomings. To hide and censor such history is unethical and does a great disservice to the spiritual advancement of the world.

 

In Mormonism, Melanin Content is a Hereditary Sign of Ancestral Wickedness

One section of current Mormon dogma which has yet to be revised, regards inherently racist doctrine which considers darker skin to be a caste like, divinely ordained form of segregation. For the vast majority of Mormon history, the church did not allow people of color, primarily African decent, to participate in temple endowment or sealing ordinances, which are the most important ceremonies in the faith. The unique exceptions to this being those of Australia and the Pacific Islands, which I discuss later. Justification for such practices came from an old Christian tradition that was used to justify slavery. That being, that god had marked Cain and his seed with a black skin for killing his brother Abel. This curse had been carried on through the Biblical flood with the wife of Ham, one of Noah's sons. This continuation of Abel’s curse was Ham's celestial punishment for the incident in which Ham had the gall to laugh at his naked, unconscious drunk of a father. 1 To quickly reiterate, early Christians believed that their god had a strange penchant for cursing ‘wicked’ individuals with black skin and the subsequent children that followed. A series of dogmatic events which shows up in currently published Mormon scripture.

For behold, the Lord shall curse the land with much heat, and the bareness thereof shall go forth forever; and there was a blackness came upon all the children of Canaan, that they were despised among all people.2

A divine curse of high melanin content is repeated nearly a dozen times throughout Mormon scripture,3 and is featured as an actual foundation to the central narrative of the Book of Mormon. In this text, most Native American tribes are split into two main groups, Nephites and Lamanites; essentially righteous white Indians and the wicked dark skinned ones, “...he had caused the cursing to come upon them, yea, even a sore cursing, because of their iniquity. For behold, they had hardened their hearts against him, that they had become like unto a flint; wherefore, as they were white, and exceedingly fair and delightsome, that they might not be enticing unto my people, the Lord God did cause a skin of blackness to come upon them.”4

The Mormon god is not such a bad guy though, for he even removes said curse when his servants prove pious enough “...their curse was taken from them, and their skin became white like unto the Nephites.”5 In case one has any residual misconceptions regarding the spirit of this language, consider the following: “...their scales of darkness shall begin to fall from their eyes; and many generations shall not pass away among them, save they shall be a white and a delightsome people.”6 Said passage was edited out in 1981 when ‘white’ was changed to ‘pure’, conveniently brushing under the rug a rather distasteful and bigoted history. Apologists will attempt to excuse this edit as a reference to spiritual purity, however this illusion is easily shattered with some careful reading. For example, “...the Lamanites your brethren, whom ye hate because of their filthiness and the cursing which hath come upon their skins.” 7

In Mormon theology there appears a long standing arrangement with god in the pre-Columbian Americas, wherein an individuals melanin content is based directly upon their current piety. That is to say that at any point, righteous individuals who fall from grace, would apparently turn from light colored skin tones into darker ones very quickly. For example, “...after they had dwindled in unbelief they became a dark, and loathsome, and a filthy people, full of idleness and all manner of abominations.”8 This sentiment of white supremacy was not just recorded in scripture. At one point in church history, Joseph received ‘revelation’ that the Mormons were to preach among the tribes of the Native Americans. In this divinely ordained proposal, the Mormon god decreed, “...it is my will, that in time, ye should take unto you wives of the Lamanites and Nephites, that their posterity may become white, delightsome and just...”9

Although the church policy change in 1978 allowed for those of African decent to finally hold the priesthood and participate in temple ceremonies, this racist doctrine has never been adequately addressed or revisited. The Mormon church has done a great deal to quietly edit these sections out of it’s history and forget that it ever happened in the first place.

 

Mormonism, Slavery, and Heavenly Servants for Eternity

Joseph Smith was an average sort of 19th century racist that believed segregation was progressive thinking. In an 1845 publication, Smith was posthumously quoted as saying, “Had I anything to do with the negro, I would confine them by strict law to their own species...”10 Smith did allow ordination of the Mormon priesthood to at least three black men on record. However, these were likely performed as personal favors or oversights, and were by no means a normal practice at any point in the church’s history until the end of the 1970’s. Mormon apologists go out of their way at times to point out that much of the persecution the early Mormons experienced, came from Missouri slave owners who felt politically threatened by large populations of them moving into the Missouri area so quickly. Those same apologists will make the claim that said anxiety stemmed from Smith being an outspoken advocate of the abolitionist movement. Unfortunately those claims are historically unfounded.

Joseph Smith went far out of his way at times to excuse the heinous practice of slavery and protect his own skin. In a letter published in a church periodical, Smith affirmed, “I do not believe that the people of the North have any more right to say that the South shall not hold slaves, than the South have to say the North shall.... the first mention we have of slavery is found in the Holy Bible.... And so far from that prediction being averse to the mind of God, it [slavery] remains as a lasting monument of the decree of Jehovah, to the shame and confusion of all who have cried out against the South, in consequence of their holding the sons of Ham in servitude."11 The only time Joe seems to have publicly reversed this opinion, came in February of 1844, when he ran for U.S. President on an anti-slavery platform. This was a rather late stage conversion to abolitionism, as it was just months before his death. It is therefore wholly inaccurate to label Joseph an abolitionist.

After Smith’s death in 1844 and the power schism that ensued, Brigham Young took control of the main faction of Mormonism, becoming it’s new President of the church. With the second generation of Mormonism, Brigham’s racism took the faiths already deplorable doctrine to new depths. Brigham not only published several articles defending slavery,12 but approved the trade of slaves in early Utah. Brigham and the Mormons under his command, even accepted slaves as an appropriate form of tithing or offering to the church.13 The level of Young’s disdain for those of African decent, can only be truly understood when one reads the mans own words:

You see some classes of the human family that are black, uncouth, un-comely, disagreeable and low in their habits, wild, and seemingly deprived of nearly all the blessings of the intelligence that is generally bestowed upon mankind. The first man that committed the odious crime of killing one of his brethren will be cursed the longest of any one of the children of Adam. Cain slew his brother. Cain might have been killed, and that would have put a termination to that line of human beings. This was not to be, and the Lord put a mark upon him, which is the flat nose and black skin. Trace mankind down to after the flood, and then another curse is pronounced upon the same race – that they should be the 'servant of servants,' and they will be, until that curse is removed; and the Abolitionists cannot help it, nor in the least alter that decree. How long is that race to endure the dreadful curse that is upon them? That curse will remain upon them, and they never can hold the Priesthood or share in it until all the other descendants of Adam have received the promises and enjoyed the blessings of the Priesthood and the keys thereof. Until the last ones of the residue of Adam's children are brought up to that favorable position, the children of Cain cannot receive the first ordinances of the Priesthood. They were the first that were cursed, and they will be the last from whom the curse will be removed. When the residue of the family of Adam come up and receive their blessings, then the curse will be removed from the seed of Cain, and they will receive blessings in like proportion.14

To quickly clarify the statement above; people of darker skin colors will eventually have their ancestral curse removed after Judgment Day, and will thus find themselves white in heaven. That merits reiteration. Mormon heaven is an Aryan paradise. Even if it is not widely circulated or discussed, this dogma has never been clarified or renounced, so once more, it is current LDS doctrine! The evidence of Brigham’s racism and draconian dictatorship over the early Mormon church are beyond the scope of this work. In regards to matters of race, Young’s influence had a major impact on the LDS church which led to horridly exclusive and bigoted policies, some of which which lasted well into the 1970’s. Below are just a few examples of Mormon dogmatic folk beliefs that arise during and after Brigham Young’s time:

  1. Those of African decent were being punished in this life because in the 'pre-mortal' existence, theirs were the souls which were 'fence-sitters' during the war in heaven, refusing to take a side.
    There were no neutrals in the war in heaven. All took sides either with Christ or with Satan. Every man had his agency there, and men receive rewards here based upon their actions there, just as they will receive rewards hereafter for deeds done in the body. The Negro, evidently, is receiving the reward he merits. 15
  2. While some individuals of African decent were permitted to join the church, they were denied access to the religions most sacred ceremonies. Most notably, the temple ordinances and the family sealings, which are used to ensure worthy families can spend the afterlife together. One woman, Jane Elizabeth Manning, was a faithful and lifelong member of the LDS church who crossed the plains and passed away in Salt Lake City in 1908. 16 She petitioned the church leadership many times with the desire to be sealed to her family for all of time and eternity. For no reason other than her skin color, she was denied repeatedly during her lifetime. Instead, as a consolation prize for her lifelong devotion to the church, she was sealed posthumously to Joseph and his family; not as a family member but instead as Smith’s servant in heaven. Jane Elizabeth Manning obviously did not give her consent for the leaderships concession, which once again, didn’t take place during her lifetime and has never been corrected or apologized for. To reiterate, Joseph Smith currently has a slave in Mormon heaven…and at some undisclosed date in the distant future, approximately just after Judgement Day, she too will at long last get to be ‘delightsome and white’. Surviving well into the 20th century, Mormon Apostle Mark E. Peterson went one step further with this concept of heavenly slaves when he stated, “If that Negro is faithful all his days, he can and will enter the celestial kingdom. He will go there as a servant, but he will get a celestial resurrection. He will get a place in celestial glory.” 17 In a religious cosmology consisting of several degrees of heaven, the celestial kingdom is the highest achievement in the Mormon afterlife. According to LDS Apostle Mark E. Peterson, those of African decent can only attain this level of heaven as an eternal slave or servant. Peterson was never an acting prophet or president of the Mormon faith, but such statements coming from the lips of church hierarchy illustrates the prevalence of these dogmatic beliefs. As these have never been clarified or apologized for by a higher ranking church official, one is left to assume that this too is church dogma, if a generally undiscussed one.
  3. Intermarriage between different ‘racial groups’ was strictly forbidden. In a private journal entry dated well into the 20th century, fourth President of the LDS church Wilford Woodruff wrote, “...if any man mingle his seed with the seed of Cain the only way he could get rid of it or have Salvation would be to come forward and have his head cut off and spill his blood upon the ground - it would also take the life of his children.” 18 From LDS First Presidency member George Albert Smith. In a letter to Virgil H Sponberg, a critic of the anti-black ban dated May 5, 1947: “...contemplate the intermarriage of the Negro and white races, a concept which has heretofore been most repugnant to most normal-minded people from the ancient patriarchs until now.... there is a growing tendency, particularly among some educators, as it manifests itself in this area, toward the breaking down of race barriers in the matter of intermarriage between whites and blacks, but it does not have the sanction of the Church and is contrary to Church doctrine.” 19 Clearly still a sensitive topic to church officials in 2015, a Mormon Sunday school teacher was recently dismissed from his position for openly speaking about the church’s history regarding race. After being asked by his students, why his Nigerian wife would join a church with such racism in it’s foundational doctrine, the gentleman looked up the sanctioned church publications on the topic.20 He was subsequently fired from his teaching position for presenting that officially sanctioned material.21

As mentioned earlier, the native inhabitants of the Pacific Islands and Australia were somehow exempt from many of these restrictions and racist beliefs. The Mormon reasoning for this is rather confusing, as allegedly those of African decent (the seed of Cain) were cursed for their political stance during the pre-mortal existence and war in heaven. But indigenous descendants from the Pacific Islands and Australia (seed of Lehi), were simply cursed with the melanin, pigment swapping prevalent in the Book of Mormon in order to keep them in line. No need to get ones panties in a bunch though, as this curse will be lifted at Judgment Day and the afterlife will be as white as Steve Bannon’s most treasured fantasy!

It is utterly impossible to ignore the blatant racism embedded into Mormon doctrine and ideology. Despite the church’s many edits and attempts to cover up this unsavory history, the culture and principles of white supremacy still insidiously pervade the Mormon religion to this day. The only way these mistakes can begin to be remedied, assuming that it matters to a hierarchical pyramid of rich white men at all, is for the church to finally air it’s historical dirty laundry and offer up some kind of an apology.

 

The Policy Changes – Ethics or Just Good Business?

The much belated change in church doctrine, policies and the subsequent edits to church materials were not initiated until 1978.22 No apology was ever issued by the church for it’s behavior in the past. The hierarchy simply decreed a new revelation from god, and that was it. There are a number of quaint stories which have emerged in the LDS church regarding this shift towards basic human equality. They refer to various ways the ‘spirit of the lord’ spontaneously dictated this epistemological shift in foundation doctrine and policy.23 Despite these unsubstantiated folk tales, when one takes into account the political and social events leading up to this ‘revelation’, then the whole event seems like good business sense rather than divinely ordained inspiration.

One of the LDS church’s considerable income streams stem from it’s flagship university, Brigham Young University, or BYU. In October of 1969, fourteen Wyoming Cowboys football players were kicked off the team by then coach Lloyd Eaton. The players were retired for threatening to wear black armbands in order to draw attention racist LDS doctrine and policy.24 This incident spiraled into a number of colleges boycotting athletic games against BYU, including Stanford and San Jose State. Additionally, there was also a great deal of pressure mounting in the early 1970's from the Boy Scouts of America over the Mormons withholding leadership positions to both adults and children of African decent.25

Adding to this tension, in 1975, the LDS church announced that a temple was to be built in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The church dumped millions into the temple grounds and the various buildings located at the complex. Much of the population that helped finance and build the temple were themselves of mixed African decent, and thus would be for all intents and purposes, banned from the temple after it’s completion. Previously, the church had publicly stated that people could not enter the temple if they "having the least particle of negro blood.”26 The Brazilian population was such a cultural melting pot, that it would additionally prove impossible to verify this insane policy, and leaders were finding it difficult to explain themselves.

Furthermore, there is substantial circumstantial evidence to suggest that during a 1977 meeting with LDS church leaders, then President Jimmy Carter threatened to withhold federal tax exempt status from the church for it’s racist and discriminatory policies. The year prior in 1976, BYU had been placed in similar peril, by possibly having Federal Student Loans withheld for the same reasons.27 This was a potential loss of millions in yearly, tax-free income. Retroactively, the Mormon church was in a position to lose billions of dollars.

The Mormon hierarchy had been unapologetically dragging their collective feet on the matter of race for well over a century at this point. Even a casual observer should find it suspicious that the Mormon god decided to reverse a deplorable and institutionalized caste system for slavery which had been in place since the proposed birth of creation, only when the LDS church was in danger of going bankrupt. In order to better illustrate this very business like approach to the subject, the following timeline has been provided in large part, courtesy of MormonThink.com:

  • March 11, 1977: At 12:03 pm President Carter met with Spencer W. Kimball, President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Representative Gunn McKay (D-Utah), and Representative Jim Santini (D-Nevada) for approximately 20 minutes in the White House.28

  • June 1977: Church President Spencer W. Kimball asks three church officials to write memos about the implications of a possible lifting of restrictions.29

  • March 1978: At a joint meeting of the church hierarchy, the leadership decided that any change in church policy should be presented as revelation. Spencer W. Kimball decides later that month to go ahead with the changes, and is advised by his councelors to wait for the full support of the church’s main leadership.30

  • June 1978: Kimball initiates the drafting of an official declaration of the changes to church doctrine and policy. The statement is later presented to the larger body of the church’s leadership, and the press is informed.31

  • October 30, 1978: Sao Paulo Brazil temple is dedicated by Spencer W Kimball.32

And that was it. Nearly a century and a half of institutional oppression, bigotry and intolerance, was to be white-washed away with one press release and a supposed story regarding a ‘revelation from god’. After reviewing the previous timeline, take into account one last quote from Spencer W. Kimball regarding said ‘revelation’. “I offered the final prayer and I told the Lord if it wasn't right, if He didn't want this change to come in the Church that I would be true to it all the rest of my life, and I'd fight the world against it if that's what He wanted.” 33 Brushing right past what seems to be Kimball’s sincere desire to be a crusader for human inequality, if this is the standard by which we are to judge divine revelation, than can we not collectively decide to raise the bar a bit higher?

Understand that the world is not likely to ever hear an apology uttered from the lips of Mormon authorities for it’s unsavory history and inherently white supremacist ideology. Mormon leadership does not have a fabulous track record for being socially progressive or standing on the right side of history, and does not generally make a habit of openly addressing it’s mistakes. Unfortunately, that is not likely to change unless the Mormon hierarchy is openly and respectfully opposed for presenting such a farcical and white washed excuse for it’s history and doctrine. As this paper has clearly outlined, despite heavy edits to church policy and scripture in 1978, there are still a good number of unacknowledged issues regarding institutionalized oppression through race and white supremacist philosophy still present in the Mormon religion. The only way the faith will be held accountable, and made to stop deifying their hate-mongering patriarchs, is for the world to stop excusing and ignoring the fact that this problem that still exists.

 

References:

  1. King James Version (1611). The Holy Bible, Genesis 9:18-29

  2. Pearl of Great Price, Book of Moses 7:8 [online] Available at: https://www.lds.org/scriptures/pgp?lang=eng [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  3. MormonThink.com Article, Blacks and the Priesthood. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/blackweb.htm#doctrine [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  4. The Book of Mormon, 2 Nephi 5: 21

  5. Ibid, 3 Nephi 2:15

  6. Ibid, 2 Nephi 30: 6

  7. Ibid, Jacob 3: 5

  8. Ibid, 1 Nephi 12:23

  9. Smith, Joseph Jr., 1831 revelation, recorded in a letter from W.W. Phelps to Brigham Young, dated August 12, 1861. Found at MormonThink.com – Quotes, Native Americans [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/QUOTES/native.htm [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  10. Smith, Joseph Jr., 1845, History of the Church, v. 5, pp. 21-218

  11. Smith, Joseph Jr., Letter to Oliver Cowdery as found in the Messenger and Advocate, Vol. II, No. 7, April 1836.

  12. See: Millennial Star, Vol. 25, pp 787; also published in Journal of Discourses, Vol. 10, page 250

  13. MormonThink.com Article, Blacks and the Priesthood. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/blackweb.htm#doctrine [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  14. Young, Brigham. Journal of Discourses, v. 7, pp. 290-291

  15. Smith, Joseph Fielding. Doctrines of Salvation, pp. 65-66

  16. MormonThink.com Article, Race and the Priesthood - Response to LDS.org. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/essays-race-priesthood.htm [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  17. FairMormon.org Article, Mark E. Peterson claims that Blacks become servants in heaven. [online] Available at: https://www.fairmormon.org/answers/Mormonism_and_racial_issues/Mark_E._Petersen_claims_that_Blacks_become_servants_in_heaven [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  18. MormonThink.com Article, Blacks and the Priesthood. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/blackweb.htm#eventsleadingto1978 [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  19. Quoted in Lester E. Bush, Mormonism's Negro Doctrine: An Historical Overview, p. 42. Found at MormonThink.com – Quotes, Black Intermarriage [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/QUOTES/blackintermarriage.htm [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  20. LDS.org Article, Race and the Priesthood. [online] Available at: https://www.lds.org/topics/race-and-the-priesthood?lang=eng [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  21. The Salt Lake Tribune Article, This Mormon Sunday school teacher was dismissed for using church's own race essay in lesson. [online] Available at: http://archive.sltrib.com/article.php?id=2475803&itype=CMSID [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  22. Statement of The First Presidency on the Negro Question, July 17 1947, quoted in Mormonism and the Negro, pp.46-7. Found at MormonThink.com, Race and the Priesthood - Response to LDS.org. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/essays-race-priesthood.htm [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  23. Spencer W. Kimball and the Revelation on the Priesthood" in BYU Studies v47 n8 2008, pp. 128, 133. Found at MormonThink.com, Blacks and the Priesthood. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/blackweb.htm#eventsleadingto1978 [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  24. The Salt Lake Tribune Article, BYU Football: Remembering the Black 14 Protest. [online] Available at: http://archive.sltrib.com/story.php?ref=/byucougars/ci_13728556 [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  25. MormonThink.com Article, Blacks and the Priesthood. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/blackweb.htm#eventsleadingto1978 [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  26. Apostle Mark E. Peterson, "Race Problems – As They Affect the Church," Address given at the Convention of Teachers of Religion on the College Level, delivered at BYU, August 27, 1954. Found at MormonThink.com, Blacks and the Priesthood. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/blackweb.htm#eventsleadingto1978 [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  27. MormonThink.com Article, Blacks and the Priesthood. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/blackweb.htm#eventsleadingto1978 [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  28. FAIRmormon.org, Did President Jimmy Carter threaten the church’s taxe-exempt status because of their policy on blacks and the Priesthood? [online] Available at: https://www.fairmormon.org/answers/Question:_Did_President_Jimmy_Carter_threaten_the_Church%27s_tax-exempt_status_because_of_their_policy_on_blacks_and_the_priesthood%3F [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  29. MormonThink.com Article , Blacks and the Priesthood. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/blackweb.htm#eventsleadingto1978 [Accessed Oct 25th 2017]

  30. Ibid.

  31. Ibid.

  32. Ibid.

  33. Deseret News, Church Section, January 6, 1979, p. 4

[Blog] Mormon Cosmology: Our Hollow Earth, Jews in Space, and Alien Gods

Mormon Cosmology:

Our Hollow Earth, Jews in Space, and Alien Gods

by : Cody Noconi

The actual history of the Mormon church is stranger than fiction. The actual history of its founder, Joseph Smith Junior, is perhaps beyond adequate description; certainly beyond the scope of this paper. The present-day incarnations of the Mormon movement go to great lengths at times, in order to assure that this history is not made common knowledge, or even circulated within the organization itself. The following multi-part series is a smash cut of real Mormon history and theology, which even the LDS missionaries knocking on your door are likely to be unaware of.

The Mormon faith believes in continued revelation, wherein god can change his mind on a given topic, so to speak, and instruct later generations differently than in previous ones. For example, early Mormons were originally instructed simply, “hot drinks are not for the body, or belly.” 1 It was not until some years later, that this direction was redefined as coffee and tea, which lead to Mormons famous abstinence from such substances. 2 Unless a given set of revelations are corrected or clarified by the current ‘prophet’, or leader of the church, then one must assume that the previous revelations are canonized doctrine. Such is the case with the little known or discussed Mormon belief in a hollow earth, Jews in space, 3 and alien gods.

 

A Hollow Earth and Lost Tribes of Israel

There are numerous first hand accounts from early Mormons, which explicitly reference Joseph Smith, the founder and first ‘prophet’ of the church, preaching that the earth was hollow, and that some of the Lost Tribes of Israel had inhabited the earth’s hollowed core. Benjamin Johnson, an early member of some authority among the Mormon church who at one point acted as a private secretary to Joseph Smith Jr., quoted Smith with the following: “you remember the old caldron or potash kettle you used to boil maple sap in for sugar, don't you? …they are in the north pole in a concave just the shape of that kettle. And John the Revelator is with them, preparing them for their return.” 4

Oliver B. Huntington, another prominent early Mormon, reaffirmed this belief when he said, “I have heard Joseph say that ‘John was among the Ten Tribes beyond the North Pole.” 5 On another occasion, Joseph even, “...described the shape of the earth at the poles as being a round elongation and drew a diagram of it.” 6 Oliver did not offer up said diagram for publication, but he repeatedly parrots second hand testaments of Mormon officials describing the earth as being hollowed out at the poles.

The concept of a hollow earth with some type of a habitable center is a common trope among early cultures around the globe. However, it was not until the famous physicist Edmond Halley first put forward the hypothesis in the late 17th century, that the idea really took hold in an academic sense among the Western world. 7 How this relates to Joseph Smith Junior and his understanding of planetology, is that a particular version of this hollow earth idea was widely popularized in his time by one John Cleves Symmes Junior. A version which clearly influenced Jo Smith.

John Cleves Symmes was an American Army officer and academic, who was the first to postulate that openings to the center of the earth could be found through large openings at it’s polar regions. In April of 1818, Symmes published Circular No 1. in which he boldly proclaimed, “I declare the earth is hollow, and habitable within; containing a number of solid concentrick spheres, one within the other, and that it is open at the poles 12 or 16 degrees; I pledge my life in support of this truth, and am ready to explore the hollow, if the world will support and aid me in the undertaking.” 8 This document was republished and widely circulated around the area Joseph Smith and his family resided during his early adult life. Although he did not officially publish a book on this topic during his lifetime, Circular No. 1 was certainly recirculated, and Symmes himself regularly lectured around the country regarding his hypothesis. Even if he did not personally read Symmes material or attend a lecture, Joseph Smith was certainly influenced by Symmes’ work nonetheless.

If one requires more tangible proof that this belief was considered church doctrine, then one should look no further than the church’s own publications, the Articles of Faith and Doctrine and Covenants. “We believe in the literal gathering of Israel.” 9 Coupled with, “… the keys of the gathering of Israel from the four parts of the earth, and the leading of the ten tribes from the land of the north.” 10

Also take into account the striking language found in a patriarchal blessing given to Joseph, by his friend and co-founder of the Mormon church, Oliver Cowdery. “[Joseph Smith] will go forth toward the north, and by the power of his word shall the deep begin to give way: and the ice melt before the Sun. By the keys of the kingdom shall he lead Israel into the land of Zion, while the house of Jacob shouts in the dance and in the song.” 11 Fairly stark and unambiguous language, that clearly illustrates the Mormons theological reimagining of Symmes hollow earth hypothesis.

Although it is not currently circulated or widely known by the majority of Mormons today, this doctrine has not since been readdressed or reclarified, and therefore we are only left to assume that this is still canonized belief by the church leaders.

 

Jews in Space and Mormon Moon-Folk

In what appears to be a dogmatic offshoot or misinterpretation of the hollow earth belief, is the idea that this hollow was created when a portion of the earth was removed by god. There were apparently more lost Tribespeople of Israel inhabiting this terrestrial chunk, which was now lost somewhere in space. It is currently unclear whether or not this particular bit of folklore was official revelation, or just Smith’s intimate musings, however it certainly interesting to take note of.

“I heard Joseph Smith preach baptism for the dead…. I heard him say, ‘the Ten Tribes were not on this globe, but a portion of this earth had cleaved off with them and went flying into space, and when the time comes when the “earth reels to and from like a drunken man and the stars from heaven fall,” it would join on again.'” 12

“The Prophet Joseph [Smith] once in my hearing advanced his opinion that the Ten Tribes were separated from the Earth; or a portion of the Earth was by a miracle broken off, and that the Ten Tribes were taken away with it, and that in the latter days it would be restored to the Earth or be let down in the Polar regions. Whether the Prophet founded his opinion upon revelation or whether it was a matter of mere speculation with him, I am not able to say.” 13

Perhaps related, or at least tangential to his belief in an Israelite colony in space, is Joseph Smith’s conviction that the moon, sun and stars were inhabited as well. “‘Inhabitants of the Moon are more of a uniform size than the inhabitants of the Earth, being about 6 feet in height. They dress very much like the Quaker Style & are quite general in Style, or the one fashion of dress. They live to be very old; ...generally, near a thousand years.'” 14

The Patriarch of the church even seemed confident that through either the power of god or science, that within that same generation of the early church, Mormon missionaries would actually be preaching their gospel off planet! “In my Patriarchal blessing, given by the father of Joseph the Prophet, in Kirtland, 1837, I was told that I should preach the gospel before I was 21 years of age; that I should preach the gospel to the inhabitants upon the islands of the sea, and – to the inhabitants of the moon, even the planet you can now behold with your eyes.” 15 Decades before Jules Verne and the commonly acknowledged birth of science fiction, Joseph Smith Junior must at least be credited with a wonderfully active imagination.

These beliefs seem to have survived at least into the days of the main church’s second leader and namesake of the Mormon college BYU, Brigham Young. 16 Young waxed on topic at some length regarding this topic:

“Who can tell us of the inhabitants of this little planet that shines of an evening, called the moon?... When you inquire about the inhabitants of that sphere you find that the most learned are as ignorant in regard to them as the ignorant of their fellows. So it is in regard to the inhabitants of the sun. Do you think it is inhabited? I rather think it is. Do you think there is any life there? No question of it; it was not made in vain.” 17

In other words, the only conceivable purpose for a planet would be for god to inhabit that planet with sentient beings which then require His salvation. If there is any confusion as to whether or not this was indeed considered doctrine and not just ignorant conjecture, Brigham even doubled down on statements such as that when he said, “I have never preached a sermon and sent it out to the children of men, that they may not call scripture.” 18 Once more, unless clarified by current Mormon leaders, then the beliefs discussed thus far should be referred to exactly as Brigham suggested; Mormon scripture.

It should come as no great shock that this was a common belief at the time given that the Mormon’s canonized Book of Abraham, explicitly refers to a celestial body Kolob, as nearest the throne of God. 19 Mormons today generally consider it to be the literal residing place of their god. In addition, Mormonism also preaches a plurality of gods; an idea that through spiritual perfection, heterosexual human couples can themselves become gods, each couple managing their own planetary, Genesis style creation in turn. “Mankind are here because they are the offspring of parents who were first brought here from another planet, and power was given them to propagate their species, and they were commanded to multiply and replenish the earth.” 20 An infinite process, which has been going on for untold eons. 21 A sort of interstellar, Manifest Destiny meets Divine Panspermia, so to say.

“God himself was once as we are now, and is an exalted man, and sits enthroned in yonder heavens! That is the great secret.... It is the first principle of the Gospel to know for a certainty the Character of God, and to know... that he was once a man like us.... Here, then, is eternal life – to know the only wise and true God; and you have got to learn how to be Gods yourselves... the same as all Gods have done before you...” 22

Despite what many Mormons today would preach, and what they themselves likely believe, the faith is not monotheistic. This belief in an infinitely expanding, factory-line intergalactic god nursery is what would be more accurately categorized as monolatrism; the devotion to a single god, while neither acknowledging or denying the existence of other, sometimes greater divine beings.

Fans of Battlestar Galctica may already know that the show’s creator, Glen Larson was himself LDS, and that he obviously encoded Mormon symbolism and theology into the show’s narrative. The twelve lost ‘colonies’ that record their history in Egyptian-like hieroglyphics, the ‘gods’ were once humans that somehow perfected or advanced themselves to a god-like status, and all of whom originated from a planet Kobol. The parallels are simply too many to lay out here, 23 but by this time BSG fan or not, one should be able to appreciate that Mormon archetypes are certainly far out enough to have inspired one of the most successful science fiction shows of all time.

 

References:

  1. The Book of Mormon, Doctrine & Covenants 89:9
  2. [online] Available at: https://www.lds.org/manual/doctrine-and-covenants-student-manual/section-81-89/section-89-the-word-of-wisdom?lang=eng {Accessed Oct 21st 2017]
  3. History of the World, Part I, Mel Brooks. Universal Studios, 1981. Film
  4. Johnson, Benjamin My Life's Review, 1947, p. 93
  5. Huntington, Oliver B. Journal, under January 13, 1881; see Abanes, One Nation Under Gods, p. 528, footnote 100
  6. Huntington, Oliver B. The Inhabitants of the Moon, The Young Women's Journal, 1892, v. 3, p. 264
  7. Halley, Edmond, An Account of the cause of the Change of the Variation of the Magnetic Needle; with an Hypothesis of the Structure of the Internal Parts of the Earth, Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society of London, No. 195, 1692, pp 563–578
  8. Symmes, John Cleve. Symmes' Circular No. 1. St Louis, 1818
  9. Articles of Faith, #10, see History of the Church, v. 4, pp. 535-541
  10. The Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants 110:11
  11. Patriarchal Blessing from Oliver Cowdery to Prophet Joseph Smith, in Oliver Cowdery, “A Patriarchal blessing given by Oliver Cowdery to the Prophet Joseph Smith at Kirtland,” September 22, 1835, reprinted in Collier, ed., Unpublished Revelations, 1979, 2nd edition, 1981, v. 1, p. 76
  12. Smith, Bathsheba W. Recollections of the Prophet Joseph Smith, The Juvenile Instructor, June 1, 1892, v. 27, p. 34
  13. Apostle Orson Pratt, Letter Box of Orson Pratt, LDS Church Historian's Office, letter to John C. Hall, December 13, 1875; see Abanes, One Nation Under Gods, p. 529, footnote 101
  14. Smith, Joseph Jr., in Journal of O.B. Huntington, Book 14, p. 166
  15. Huntington, Oliver B. The Inhabitants of the Moon, The Young Women's Journal, 1892. v. 3, pp. 263-264.
  16. “President Young said he heard Joseph Smith say that the Ten Tribes of Israel were on a Portion of Land separated from this Earth.” -Prophet Wilford Woodruff, Wilford Woodruff's Journal, September 8, 1867, reprinted in Susan Staker, ed., Waiting for World's End, The Diaries of Wilford Woodruff, 1993, p. 291
  17. Young, Brigham. Journal of Discourses, v. 13, p. 271
  18. Ibid, pp. 95
  19. The Book of Mormon, Book of Abraham 3:2-3
  20. Young, Brigham. Journal of Discourses, v. 7, p. 285
  21. “Worlds without number I have created.” -Pearl of Great Price, Moses 1:33
  22. Smith, Joseph Jr., King Follett Discourse, Journal of Discourses, v. 6, pp. 3-4 Also: “The Lord created you and me for the purpose of becoming Gods like himself.” -Young, Brigham. Journal of Discourses, v. 3, p. 93. Also: “In the beginning, the head of the Gods called a council of the Gods; and they came together and concocted a plan to create the world and people it.” -Smith, Joseph Jr., History of the Church, v. 6, pp. 307, 308
  23. [online] Available at: http://www.mormonthink.com/glossary/battlestargalactica.htm {Accessed Oct 21st 2017]
 

Additional Resources:

  1. MormonThink.com [online] Available at: http://mormonthink.com [Accessed 10 21st 2017]
  2. Wiki – John Cleves Symmes Jr. - [online] Available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cleves_Symmes_Jr. [Accessed 10 21st 2017]
  3. OliverCowdery.com [online] Available at: http://olivercowdery.com/texts/1818symm.htm#item1 [Accessed 10 21st 2017]
  4. Wiki - Battlestar Galactica (2004 TV series0 – [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battlestar_Galactica_(2004_TV_series) [Accessed 10 21st 2017]

Ep024 - Social Engineering with Joseph Atwill

Today we are joined by Joseph Atwill, author of Ceasar's Messiah to talk about the Deep State, psychedelics, and methods of social engineering. This is a follow-up to the conversation Cody had with Alex Tsakiris from Skeptiko a couple of weeks ago wherein we discussed Joe's paper Manufacturing the Deadhead. Joe was gracious enough to come on the show in order to better explain his research and dispel some misconceptions about his work. It was a great interview, and we will certainly have Mr. Atwill back in the future.

Hope you all enjoy!

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Ep023 - Gnosticism with Miguel Conner

This week Cody speaks with Miguel Conner, host of the wonderful podcast Aeon Byte Gnostic Radio. Miguel expertly guides us through and introduction to the very nuanced and hard to get at topic of Gnosticism. He introduces us to the various emanations of the Gnostic god, the goddess Sophia and her relationship to humanity and Christ, and there's even some Simon Magus thrown in for good measure. For more information on Gnosticism or to find more of Miguels great work, visit TheGodAboveGod.com

We hope you enjoy!

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Voices of Gnosticism: Interviews with Elaine Pagels, Marvin Meyer, Bart Ehrman, Bruce Chilton and Other Leading Scholars
By Miguel Conner, Elaine Pagels, Bart Ehrman, Bruce Chilton, Marvin Meyer, Stevan Davies, April DeConick, David Fideler, Karen L King, Birger Pearson, John W Turner, Einar Thomassen, Jane Schaberg, Jason BeDuhn
Other Voices of Gnosticism: Interviews with leading writers and scholars including Tobias Churton,Nicola Denzey-Lewis, Richard Smoley, Gary Lachman, ... Daniel C. Matt, Willis Barnstone and others
By Miguel Conner, Gary Lachman, Stephan Hoeller, Tobias Churton, Nicola Denzey Lewis, David Brakke, Willis Barnstone, Robert M Price, Sean Martin, Erik Davis, Daniel C Matt, Eric G Wilson, Ismo Dunderberg, Richard Smoley

Ep022 - Deep State Psychedelics with Alex Tsakiris

This week Alex Tsakiris, host of the Skeptiko Podcast joins us to discuss psychedelics, social engineering, and the 'Deep State'. We get into the work of Joe Atwill, and his research regarding Gordon Wasson's CIA connections.

On Skeptiko, Alex interviews leading researchers and scientists looking into the different aspects of human consciousness; mainly near death experiences, parapsychology, and what Alex likes to call deeper spirituality. Last month, Alex was kind enough to have me on his show to chat about psychedelics, entheogens, and their intersection with this idea of deeper spirituality. During our conversation, Alex and I sort of glazed over this whole connection to the Deep State that continually pops up in the field of psychedelic research. Alex has since had Joe Atwill on the show to dive deeper into this concept of the Deep State and psychedelics, and my response to that follow-up episode is what inspired a lot of today's conversation.

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Show Notes:

Skeptiko Podcast with Alex Tsakiris

Ep360 - Cody Noconi, Can Entheogens Lead to Deeper Spirituality?

Ep364 - Joe Atwill, Why is the Deep State Interested in Psychedelics?

Manufacturing the Deadhead: A Product of Social Engineering… by Joe Atwill and Jan Irvin

'Deep State' operations mentioned in the show:

Project MK-Ultra - Wiki

Operation Paperclip - Wiki

Stargate Project - Wiki

Skeptiko Ep341 - Ex-Stargate Head, Ed May, Unyielding Re Materialism, Slams Dean Radin

Pre-Wasson literature discussing 'entheogens' or psychedelic substances:

“When thy soul shall be made drunk by the divine ambrosial nectar, then shall thy understanding be more clear than the noontide sun; – then, by thy strong and spiritualized intellectual eye, shalt thou see into the great treasury of Nature, and thou shalt praise God with thy whole heart.” (Barrett, Francis. “The Magus, or Celestial Inteligencer.” London, England, 1801. pg58)

Such passions as these we can induce by magical vapors, confections, perfumes, collyries, unctions, potions, lamps, lights, etc.; likewise by mirrors, images, enchantments, charms, sounds, and music; also by divers rites, observations, ceremonies, religion, etc.” [emphasis in original] (Barrett, Francis. “The Magus, or Celestial Inteligencer.” London, England, 1801. pg33)

It is admitted that the texts and nomencleture of Midieval materials on Hermeticism were cryptic and queer; but for that there are several explinations for the need for secrecy, including the need to keep laymen from endangering themselves with drugs they could not understand. (Mackey, Albert Encyclopedia of Freemasonry, 1873. Found in Newman, PD Alchemically Stoned p47)

We shall then know the secret of those spongy excresences which draw their unused surplus from trees, and surcharge themselves from their tinctures and sap; the mushrooms, truffles, the galls of trees...Then we shall no more laugh at Paracelsus. (Waite, Arthur The History of Magic by Eliphas Levi p185. Found in Newman, PD Alchemically Stoned p85)

Thank you to Daniel Caine for the new exit music! You can check out his work at: Dancaine.bandcamp.com & Caine Digital Arts.

Ep021 - Women and Entheogens with Kilindi Iyi

Returning to the show this week, our very first guest Kilindi Iyi joins Amanda to discuss everything from simulation theory to the environment. Of course, high dose psilocybin and hyperspacial djinn make their way into the conversations as well.  Kilindi was kind enough to join us in order to help promote this year's 2017 Women and Entheogens Conference, being held in honor of Kai Wingo. From the Detroit Psychedelics Community website:

"The Women and Entheogens Conference is the brainchild of Psychonaught Kai Wingo. Continuing Kai's legacy we will continue with her vision in 2017 and beyond. The Conference will push the envelope into new and novel ideas. This year's theme will be Psychedelics in Birth and Pregnancy from Conception through Life. We will explore the concept of utilizing entheogens for fertility, pregnancy and breastfeeding. Come be part of the new paradigm and continue our beloved Kai's work with Women and Entheogens.

Whether it's the mystical herb Iboga of the African bush, or Ayahuasca, the brew from Amazon of South America, or the magic of Psilocybin Mushrooms from pretty much anywhere, the Women & Entheogens Conference has you covered! Dealing with topics like LSD, MDMA, cannabis and the most powerful hallucinogen known, DMT, The 2017 Women & Entheogens Conference is sure to be heavy hitting like only Women & Entheogens can. Inviting artists, advocates, activist, healers and scholars from around the world to join our biannual event! Buy your ticket now and book your reservations early, space is limited."

The conference will be held this weekend Oct 13th-15th at the Unitarian Universalist Society, Cleveland, OH. Should you find yourself in the Cleveland area, you can catch our co-host Amanda on a few discussion panels as well as delivering a presentation titled, Cannabis for Treatment of Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Mother Plant Medicine for Moms. Follow the links in the show notes for more information on the schedule and other wonderful presenters.

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Ep020 - Alchemically Stoned with PD Newman

We have a particularly good episode for you all this week. We once more forgo our usual segments as Cody interviews beloved psychonaut, author and 32nd degree Master Mason, PD Newman. Just this last June, Newman released the absolutely wonderful book, Alchemically Stoned: The Psychedelic Secret of Freemasonry. Cody has been eagerly awaiting this conversation for some time, as Newman'a writings have influenced his work a great deal. Strap in and grab a notebook, because we dive deep into the history of psychedelic sacraments in Freemasonry.

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Ep019 - Psychedelics Today with Kyle Buller

This week Cody is joined by the co-host of Psychedelics Today Podcast, Kyle Buller. Kyle and his talented partner Joe Moore, just launched a new online course Navigating Psychedelics, Lessons on Self-Care and Integration. We of course discuss psychedelics, as well as NDE's, holotropic breathwork, Stanislov Grof, shamanism, integration, and much, much more.

[From Psychedelics Today] Kyle’s interest in exploring non-ordinary states of consciousness began when he was 16-years-old, when he suffered a traumatic snowboarding accident. Waking up after having a near-death experience changed Kyle’s life. Since then, Kyle has earned his B.A. in Transpersonal Psychology, where he studied the healing potential of non-ordinary states of consciousness by exploring shamanism, plant medicine, Holotropic Breathwork, and the roots/benefits of psychedelic psychotherapy. Kyle has co-taught two college-level courses. One of the courses Kyle created as a capstone project, “Stanislav Grof’s Psychology of Extraordinary Experiences,” and the other one which he co-created, “The History of Psychedelics.”

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Ep018 - Myco Deep Dive pt1 'Stametsian Philosophy'

A very happy, if slightly belated Mushroom Day! This week the gods had it in for us. Three major computer crashes, a few lost recordings, and several power outages. But, we cannot be stopped! Thank you for your patience.

This week we do things a little differently. As amateur mycologists, we join forces for the first episode in an ongoing series diving into the world of mycology. We cover the career of mycologist extraordinaire, Paul Stamets. We explore his unique method and regimen for microdosing psilocybin, and how his myco-philosophy can help save the world. We cover the varying strengths and preservation methods for different strains of hallucinogenic mushrooms, discuss the Psychedelic Science conference, and nerd out on the PSI-Vitamin presented there.

Particularly dense, but fun episode this week. Hope you all enjoy.

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Ep017 - Everything Microdosing

No interview today. We jump right into a Feed Your Head segment on the very popular topic of Microdosing. Cody follows that up with an Epics and Entheogens segment covering some of the major godparents of psychedlia who had a major role in the development of various microdosing techniques. Keeping in line with the microdosing theme, Amanda finishes the show with a Psychedelic Feminism highlighting Amanda Fielding.

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Ep016 - Psilly Review of Disjointed

For today’s episode, Amanda and Cody unite forces for an unorthodox episode, reviewing the new Netflix series Disjointed, starring Cathy Bates as an eccentric cannabis dispensary owner. This episode is just small teaser of the exclusive patreon content which will we will be releasing regularly in the future.

Late night recording + cannabis and tequila shots = very Psilly Rabbits. The explicit tag is there for a reason this week. If you are turned off by foul language, or find yourself easily offended, then this may not be the episode for you. You all usually get to hear us in a presentation mode, wherein we try to relay important information quickly and accurately. This episode is not that. Again, things got a little saucy whilst under influence of a unique blend of sleep deprivation, cannabis and tequila.

That all said, we hope you enjoy!

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Ep015 - Chaos Protocols with Gordon White

For our interview today, Cody speaks with author, magician, philosopher and permaculture guru from Down Under, Mr. Gordon White. We discuss a wide range of topics, from psychedelic sustainability, to the versatility of magical techniques in today’s modern world, and his wonderful book Chaos Protocols. Check out Gordon at RuneSoup.com. After the interview, I cover entheogens in comic books for Epics and Entheogens, and we finish today’s show with a Feed Your Head exploring the miraculous plant Iboga. We hope you enjoy!

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Show Notes:

Ep014 - Drunken Taoism with Daniele Bolelli

The Psilly Rabbits survived the Oregon eclipse! After a brief hiatus due to complications in hosting an eclipse event, we are back with the savage philosopher and Drunken Taoist extraordinaire, Daniele Bolelli. Daniele is a college professor, published author, martial artist, father and host of the podcasts The Drunken Taoist and History on Fire. We cover a wide range of topics in or discussion today, from how to Create Your Own Religion to the nature of dreams and psychedelics.

Following the interview, in our segment Epics and Entheogens, Cody gives an overview of entheogens and plant medicines used in Central and South America before the conquest and colonization at the hands of the Spanish. In Psychedelic Feminism, Amanda gives a detailed account of one Rosalind Franklin, our dark Lady of DNA, and the misinformation perpetuated regarding the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA. We then close out today's episode with another Psilly Story. Eeeeenjoy it!

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Show Notes:

Daniele Bolelli - Podcasts: The Drunken Taoist and History on Fire

Taoist Lecture Series

Not Afraid - Audiobook

Poetry of Zen monk Ikkyo Sojun ( 1394–1481 )

*The Lady Mori was a blind minstrel with whom Ikkyo had a long standing relationship with*

Lady Mori's Gifted Touch:

My hand is no match for that of Mori. She is the unrivaled master of love play: When my jade stalk wilts, she can make it sprout! How we enjoy our intimate little circle.

I Hate Incense:

A master's handiwork cannot be measured But still priests wag their tongues explaining the "Way" and babbling about "Zen." This old monk has never cared for false piety And my nose wrinkles at the dark smell of incense before the Buddha.

Crazy Cloud speaks of Daito's unsurpassed brilliance But the clatter of royal carriages about the temple gates drowns him out And no one listens to tales of the Patriarch's long years Of hunger and homelessness beneath Gojo Bridge.

Monk Gantō practiced Zen while rowing a boat; Monk Chin gathered rushleaf to make sandals. I always praise the great worth of a single raincoat and straw hat - But who is there to appreciate their true elegance?

A Fisherman

Studying texts and stiff meditation can make you lose your Original Mind. A solitary tune by a fisherman, though, can be an invaluable treasure. Dusk rain on the river, the moon peeking in and out of the clouds; Elegant beyond words, he chants his songs night after night.

A Hermit Monk in the Mountains

I like it best when no one comes, Preferring fallen leaves and swirling flowers for company. Just an old Zen monk living like he should, A withered plum tree suddenly sprouting a hundred blossoms.

A Man's Root

Eight inches strong, it is my favorite thing; If I'm alone at night, I embrace it fully— A beautiful woman hasn't touched it for ages. Within my fundoshi there is an entire universe!

Three Poems on Love and Longing

Day and night I cannot keep you out of my thoughts; In the darkness, on an empty bed, the longing deepens. I dream of us joining hands, exchanging words of love, But then the dawn bell shatters my reverie and rends my heart.

Women, lovely flowers that bloom and quickly fade; Flowery faces, in full flush, lovely as dreams. When flowers burst open they grow heavy with passion But once they fall, no one speaks of them again.

Even if I were a god or a Buddha you'd be on my mind. I sit beneath the lamp, a skinny monk chanting love songs. The fierce autumn wind nearly bowls me over And my heart is choked with thick clouds.

Farewell, Lady Mori

Ten years ago beneath the blossoms we began a fragrant alliance. Each stage was a delight, full of endless passion. How poignant, never again to pillow my head on her lap. Making sweet love together, we vowed to be together always.

Archeology News Network article - The Use of Hallucinogenic Drugs in pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures

Sapo In My Soul - Peter Gorman

Dr. Bia Labate - Brazillian Anthropologist

Rosalind Franklin Society Website

Ep013 - Psychedelic Gospels with Jerry Brown

For lucky number thirteen, Cody interviews Jerry Brown, co-author of The Psychedelic Gospels, which covers evidence for the role of visionary plants in Christianity. Check out Jerry and Julie's website at thepsychedelicgospels.com. In Feed Your Head this week, following the conversation with Jerry, Cody explores the modern emergence of this mushroom-Jesus theory, highlighting John Marco Allegro and The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross. Lastly, Amanda finishes out the show with a Psilly Story about Busta the Psychonaut Dog.

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Ep012 - Egyptian Blue Lotus with Rev. Aryshta Dean

On today's show, Amanda interviews Rev. Aryshta Dean regarding her work with the Egyptian Blue Lotus. They discuss the history of the Blue Lotus as an entheogen, the dangers of losing this remarkable plant forever, as well as the research suggesting potential for epigenetic changes to our DNA as brought on by responsible entheogen use. Rev. Aryshta is a very knowledgeable and well sourced researcher of ancient Egypt and Greece, as well as being a student, advocate, and defender of the sacred Blue lotus.

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Show Notes:

Ep011 - Psychedelic Mormons pt2 with Bryce Blakenagel

This week, Cody finishes out the conversation started last week with Bryce Blakenagel of the Naked Mormonism Podcast. Cody and Bryce read and dissect a research paper they've been working on, exploring evidence of psychedelic/entheogenic/sacramental drug use by the early Mormon church. Both episodes are quite lengthy, so we forgo our new segments and just dive DEEP into this groundbreaking new interpretation of Mormon history. This conversation is also posted on the Naked Mormonism Podcast as a combined podcast. Thank you to Bryce for taking care of the editing.

Cody and Bryce will be presenting this hypothesis at the 2017 Sunstone Symposium in Salt Lake City Utah, this weekend on July the 29th. Please join us in Salt Lake City should you find yourself in the area.

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Show Notes:

Revelation Through Hallucination. A discourse on the Joseph Smith-entheogen theory - By: Bryce Blankenagel and Cody Noconi - PDF version of the paper we are discussing. Please leave comments and continue the dialogue!

Bryce Blakenagel - The Naked Mormonism Podcast and My Book of Mormon Podcast

Robert Beckstead - The Restoration and the Sacred Mushroom, 2008

R. R. Griffiths & W. A. Richards & U. McCann & R. Jesse. “Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having substantial and sustained personal meaning and spiritual significance.” Springer-Verlag 2006. Received: 20 January 2006 /Accepted: 27 May 2006.

Owens, Lance S. “Joseph Smith and Kabbalah: The Occult Connection.” Gnosis.org. Pub 1994. Last accessed December 2016. http://gnosis.org/jskabb1.htm

Luman Walters Documents - http://www.fullerconsideration.com/sources.php?cat=GP-LW

Newman, P.D. “Masonry and the Mysteries of Eleusis Revisited: Threshing Floors and Waterfalls.” Reality Sandwich. Pub 2013.

Ep010 - Psychedelic Mormons with Bryce Blakenagel

For our tenth episode, Cody teams up with Bryce Blakenagel of the Naked Mormonism Podcast, exploring evidence of psychedelic/entheogenic/sacramental drug use by the early Mormon church.. This is part one of a two part series, in which Cody and Bryce read and dissect a research paper they've been working on regarding this theory. Both episodes are quite lengthy, so we forgo our new segments and dive DEEP into this groundbreaking new interpretation of Mormon history.

Cody and Bryce will be presenting this hypothesis at the 2017 Sunstone Symposium in Salt Lake City Utah on July the 29th. Please join us in Salt Lake City should you find yourself in the area.

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Show Notes:

Revelation Through Hallucination. A discourse on the Joseph Smith-entheogen theory - By: Bryce Blankenagel and Cody Noconi - PDF version of the paper we are discussing. Please leave comments and continue the dialogue!

Bryce Blakenagel - The Naked Mormonism Podcast and My Book of Mormon Podcast

Robert Beckstead - The Restoration and the Sacred Mushroom, 2008

R. R. Griffiths & W. A. Richards & U. McCann & R. Jesse. “Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having substantial and sustained personal meaning and spiritual significance.” Springer-Verlag 2006. Received: 20 January 2006 /Accepted: 27 May 2006.

Owens, Lance S. “Joseph Smith and Kabbalah: The Occult Connection.” Gnosis.org. Pub 1994. Last accessed December 2016. http://gnosis.org/jskabb1.htm

Co-authored by John Halpern, Andrea Sherwood, Torsten Passie, Kiimberly Blackwell, James Ruttenber. “Evidence of health and safety in American members of a religion who use a hallucinogenic sacrament.” MedSciMonit. Received: June 1 2008 / Accepted: July 9 2008. www.medscitmonit.com

Luman Walters Documents - http://www.fullerconsideration.com/sources.php?cat=GP-LW

Newman, P.D. “Masonry and the Mysteries of Eleusis Revisited: Threshing Floors and Waterfalls.” Reality Sandwich. Pub 2013.

Ep009 - Moses the Psychonaut

This week, we get biblical as Cody explores the evidence of entheogen use among the tribes of Israel and their psychopathic psychonaut of a leader, Moses. Amanda opens a new segment highlighting scientific psychedelic research, appropriately called Feed Your Head. We finish the show with a Psilly Story about porta potty shit demons and the importance of dose, set, and setting.

Later this month, Cody will be presenting at the 2017 Sunstone Symposium in Salt Lake City Utah on July the 29th with Bryce Blakenagel of the Naked Mormonism Podcast. Bryce and I have put together a research paper regarding evidence that the early Mormon church and it’s founder Joseph Smith were using psychedelic plant medicines as a sacrament. Over the next few weeks, we will be releasing more information as well as devoting a podcast episode on this theory, so stay tuned and please join us in Salt Lake City on July the 29th should you find yourself in the area.

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Show Notes:

Pahnke, Walter Drugs and Mysticism

Doblin, Rick 25 year Follow-up Study - Good Friday Experiment

Griffiths, Roland Mystical-type experiences occasioned by psilocybin mediate the attribution of personal meaning and spiritual significance 14 months later.

The Guardian article - Religious leaders get high on magic mushrooms ingredient – for science.

Shannon, Benny (2008) Biblical Entheogens: a Speculative Hypothesis

1611 KJV of the Bible

Leary, Timothy. The Religious Experience: It’s Production and Interpretation. 1964

Ott, Jonathon, Pharmocatheon

Paul Stamets, Mycelium Running

R. R. Griffiths & W. A. Richards & U. McCann & R. Jesse. “Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having substantial and sustained personal meaning and spiritual significance.” Springer-Verlag 2006. Received: 20 January 2006 /Accepted: 27 May 2006

Ep008 - Eleusinian Mysteries with Carl P Ruck

This week we introduce some new segments and Cody interviews Boston University Professor of classical Greek studies, Dr. Carl P Ruck.

In our opening segment Epics N' Entheogens, Cody explores evidence of plant and fungal based medicines and intoxicants through prehistory. Following that is a short primer on the Eleusinian Mysteries to help prep for the interview with Professor Carl Ruck. Enjoy!

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.

Show Notes:

Guerra-Doce, Eliza. “The Origins of Inebriation: Archaeological Evidence of the Consumption of Fermented Beverages and Drugs in Prehistoric Eurasia” Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. September 2015, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 751–782

McKenna, Terrance. “Food Of The Gods: The Search for the Original Tree of Knowledge.” Ebury Publishing, 2010

Interview with Terence McKenna in Mondo, CA 2000. http://www.lycaeum.org/~sputnik/McKenna/Evolution/theory.html

Gizmodo article - Scientist think cavemen painted while high

Mad Honey article - Modern Farmer

Selva Pascuala Cave murals

R. Gordon Wasson, Albert Hofmann, Carl A. P. Ruck, Huston Smith. “The Road to Eleusis: Unveiling the Secret of the Mysteries.” North Atlantic Books

Bryce Blakenagel - Naked Mormonism Podcast

SpEdEp 36 – Joseph’s Technicolor Dream-stone

SpEdEp 35 – Trippin’ Through the Aeons

Ep007 - Psychedelic Feminism with Thomas Hatsis

This week, Amanda delivers the first in an ongoing series regarding Psychedelic Feminism. On this episode, Amanda briefly covers the definition of Psychedelic Feminism, how inter-sectional feminism interplay's with capitalism and neoliberalism (if at all). Amanda then interviews our first returning guest, author and historian Thomas Hatsis to discuss how these topics affected feminism throughout history, specifically during the initiations at Eleusis.

You can find more information on Thom and his research at his website Psychedelic Witch: http://arspsychedelia.com/

Please consider supporting us on patreon.com/psillyrabbits, or by giving us a five star review on iTunes, Stitcher, Libsyn or whatever your favorite podcast outlet may be. If you’re buying something from Amazon anyway, and you click through the links in this sentence, the show gets a small percentage of the total sale.